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Newcastle City Guide

As Australia’s sixth largest city, Newcastle offers all the benefits and amenities of a large city but with all the friendliness of a regional town.

Whether Newcastle is your intended destination or just a brief stopover on the way to your new home, we have compiled this guide to help you get your bearings on arrival. To obtain more details about the city check out the websites listed at the end of this profile.


With a population of over 140,000 Newcastle is the second-largest city in New South Wales and the sixth-largest and second oldest city in Australia.


Newcastle is situated on the Eastern Coast of Australia, 167 kilometres drive north of Sydney and is New South Wales' second largest city and the sixth largest city in Australia. Newcastle City reaches out to the sea on a Peninsula at the mouth of the Hunter River. This distinctive geography creates the only Australian City with a CBD simultaneously on the beach and the harbour waterfront.


Newcastle is a growing city of over 140,000 people serving a catchment of 560 000 people in the Hunter Region of New South Wales. Newcastle is the economic hub of the Hunter Region and accounts for approximately 30% of the Hunter’s developed industrial space.  While Newcastle’s industrial sector continues to play an important role in the economic strength of the city, Newcastle is no longer simply a ‘steel city’. A substantial and growing portion of Newcastle’s economy is now based around education and health services. Other major growth sectors are tourism, retail and hospitality.

Local Transport

Newcastle is connected to surrounding cities by the Sydney-Newcastle Freeway, New England Highway and the Pacific Highway. In the city itself there is a good facility of bus services that operate for free within the inner city zone. The ferry service operates across the Hunter River between Newcastle’s CBD and Stockton.

Lifestyle and Outdoor Recreation

Newcastle boasts some of Australia's best beaches and waterways for swimming, surfing, sailing and other water sports. Only ten minutes drive from the city centre you can find Blackbutt Reserve where you can get up close and personal with some of Australia's unique and beautiful wildlife.  Nearby Lake Macquarie is the largest coastal salt water lake in Australia and is four times the size of Sydney Harbour. Less than one hour's drive to the north is the impressive harbour of Port Stephens, a popular centre for big game fishing, sailing, surfing, and sailboarding. To the west are the internationally famous wineries of the Hunter Valley, many of them more than a century old. And to the south is the beauty and beaches of the Central Coast.


Newcastle is home to vocational and tertiary education and training facilities, such as TAFE, adult education centres and the University of Newcastle. The University of Newcastle is one of the country's top research universities and the quality of that research is recognised both in Australia and internationally.

Newcastle on the Net

Newcastle City Council

Newcastle Tourism


Average maximum temperature in Summer

Average maximum temperature in Winter

Bright daily average sunshine hours

Mean annual rainfall

27.2 Degrees Celsius

17.2 Degrees Celsius

6.3 hours

1120.40 mm


Newcastle operates on Eastern Standard Time which is 10 hours ahead of GMT.


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