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Sydney City Guide

Sydney’s laid-back outdoor lifestyle and physical allure make it one of the world’s easiest and most pleasant cities to visit.  The city has a wide-ranging cultural life, dynamic food scene and vibrant cityscape of outstanding contemporary and colonial architecture. Iconic beaches and five major national parks deliver unforgettable experiences.

Whether Sydney is your intended destination or just a brief stopover on the way to your new home, we have compiled this guide to help you get your bearings on arrival. To obtain more details about the city check out the websites listed at the end of this profile.


Sydney, the state capital of New South Wales is Australia’s most populous city with a metropolitan area population of over 4.3 million people.


Sydney is in a coastal basin bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Blue Mountains to the west, the Hawkesbury River to the north and the Woronora Plateau to the south.  Sydney is home to more than 70 beaches and the largest natural harbour in the world – Port Jackson, better known as Sydney Harbour.


Sydney is located in the Southern Temperate Zone and is not subject to the extreme hot and cold temperatures like other regions. Summers are warm and winters are mild with rainfall spread relatively evenly throughout the year.


Responsible for around 25% of Australia’s GDP, Sydney is the main corporate and financial centre. The many national and international company headquarters are located in Sydney as well as the Reserve Bank and Australian Stock Exchange. Prominent industries include property and business services, retail, manufacturing, and health and community services.

Local Transport

Most residents travel around by private car although Sydney has extensive bus, train and ferry networks. The train networks link the outer suburbs with the central city run by CityRail, a corporation of the New South Wales State Government. A small monorail runs in a loop around the main shopping district and Darling Harbour. Buses serve most parts of the metropolitan area.


Sydney offers endless shopping options.  Pitt Street Mall is the main shopping area where the mid city centre offers a number of boutiques. There are many other shopping precincts to cater for different needs including a number of markets.

Dining Out

Sydney offers a diverse range of eating destinations from restaurants to snack bars. Sydney’s dining attractions include two of the world’s best restaurants.In Restaurant Magazine’s world top 50 for 2006, Tetusya’s was ranked fifth and Rockpool was ranked 30th.  Tetusya’s is located at 529 Kent Street, just minutes walk from Darling Harbour and Town Hall. Rockpool is at 107 George Street at The Rocks.

Performing Arts

The Sydney Opera House, an architectural landmark completed in 1973 after 14 years of construction, is the city's performing arts headquarters, encompassing an opera theatre, concert hall, and playhouse.

Sydney hosts many different festivals including the Sydney Festival, Sydney film festival and Australian fashion week.

Lifestyle and Outdoor Recreation

Surrounded by mountains and beaches, Sydney has a huge range of lifestyle and outdoor recreation options. The central city boasts 130 hectares of parks, gardens and open spaces for recreation and relaxation. In addition, state of the art recreation facilities surround the city so there is something for everyone. Some key features include Hyde Park, the Domain, Observatory Hill, Cook & Phillip Park and King George V Recreation Centre (KGV).


There are 6 public universities operating primarily in Sydney. There are several other universities which operate secondary campuses in Sydney. There are four multi-campus government funded Technical and Further Education (TAFE) institutes in Sydney. Sydney has public, denominational, and independent schools.

Sydney on the Net

Sydney Local Government

Tourism New South Wales


Average maximum temperature in Summer

Average maximum temperature in Winter

Bright sunshine hours per year

Mean annual rainfall

26 Degrees Celsius

16 Degrees Celsius




Sydney operates on Eastern Standard Time which is 10 hours ahead of GMT.


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